Motivation and stimulation are in a sense similar concepts, since they help a person achieve something in life by attracting his personal interest. With their help, you can create a desire to work and achieve certain goals. Despite their similarities, they have a number of differences. Understanding and distinguishing between these concepts will help to cope with the assigned tasks, even if there are no special resources for that. Consider the difference between motivation and stimulation.
Details About the First Concept – Motivation
Motivation is an internal, conscious motivation of a person to be active. It is based on some kind of need: physiological, material, spiritual or any other. A person seeks to satisfy this need and for this he takes certain actions. The difference between motivation and stimulation lies in the fact that it is always individual and depends on the personality of a particular person.
This is a special internal process that will continue until the moment when the need is satisfied. The fundamental differences are considered to be the extinction of interest in work after achieving the goal, since the person has already received what he wants. Motivation for everyone can be something of their own. We can say that these are the main goals for the sake of which certain actions are performed.
That is why, under no circumstances should motivation be created by coercion. It is important for a manager to be able to properly manage personnel so that each of the employees most effectively performs their functions. To do this, you need to understand how you can motivate this or that employee. One is important about money, another – a position, the third – praise and recognition. The main goal is to interest the employee in the task itself.
If we talk about the work collective, then a number of such motivating factors can be distinguished:
- sociality (a person’s need to be in a team);
- self-affirmation (necessary for highly qualified workers);
- independence (people who are ready to sacrifice a stable job for their own business);
- reliability (the motive for which stability is important for a person);
- acquiring new things (material wealth, knowledge and experience);
- competitiveness (desire to be better than others).
There are 2 types of motivational spirit: positive and negative. The first is associated with the manifestation of good emotions, and the second is with the use of judgment and disapproval. With negative motivation, a person’s goal is to avoid failure, otherwise it entails more moral than psychological punishment.
Details About the Second Concept – Stimulation
Stimulation is understood as an external influence on a person in order for him to successfully complete this or that task. This is direct or indirect coercion to perform a certain action. An incentive can be either positive (for example, some kind of reward) or negative (the threat of sanctions).
To stimulate staff, you do not need a deep study of each employee individually, since it can be applied to a group of people. For example, material reward for the work done, receiving a certificate, or punishment for untimely completion of the task can act as an incentive. It must be remembered that the same incentives do not always affect all employees in the same way, so they can produce completely different impressions on people.
Analyzing all the same work environment, we can highlight the main types of positive incentives at work:
- material goods;
- social opportunities (career growth, prestige, image);
- spiritual benefits (certificates, various awards, respect);
- creative opportunities (improvement and self-development);
- other incentives (trips, treatment).
Based on this, it becomes clear that not every external influence can be called a stimulus. It must have a motivating effect and correspond to the concepts, principles and motives of the person. After receiving some kind of stimulus from outside, people pass it through their psyche, compare it with their needs, interests and capabilities. An important difference between incentive and motivation is that the former usually does not stop acting after the goal is achieved. The more adequate the external impulse is, the less their differences with internal motivation, the more successful the result will be.
You may also like to read: How to Become Successful Entrepreneur – Motivation Of Entrepreneurship.
Concepts for Employees
The essence of motivation and incentives is clear, it is worth considering how they can be influenced in the work team. When creating your own system, you need to take into account the composition of employees, because their characteristics and differences will be visible depending on gender, age, education of employees and many other factors. In addition, when coming up with new motives, you need to take into account the presence of existing ones.
First of all, you need to determine the main goals. Based on the goals, they build motives and select a number of incentives to achieve them. It is necessary to prevent the development of demotivation in the team – a phenomenon that is essentially opposite to motivation. It manifests itself in decreased performance, loss of interest, inactivity and indifference to work. What could be the reason for this? Most likely, the matter is in the relationship of management with subordinates, colleagues among themselves, or, possibly, in working conditions.
In turn, the main reasons for the ineffectiveness of incentives may lie in their incorrect selection. You need to pay attention to the differences between employees based on their motives. In some cases, employees can get used to different kinds of rewards and take them for granted. That is why the fundamental difference lies in the short duration of the effect of motivation.
Thus, this is the main internal factor that determines the direction of human activity. That is why one of the main functions of management is the formation of the motivation of its employees. And for a more effective achievement of goals, internal motives are supported by an external influence – a stimulus.
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