What are Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation?

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are similar, but not identical. Motivation in psychology is interpreted as an integral part of activity. The term has a Latin origin and is translated as something that encourages to go forward. Thanks to intrinsic motivation, a person has a desire to embody the conceived ideas. Motivational factors help you achieve your goals. Psychology makes it possible to understand the principles of external and internal motivations. These terms can also be found in pedagogy, sociology. Intrinsic motivation should be distinguished from extrinsic motivation: it is usually backed up by a strong desire to act.

What is Motivation for?

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

Motivation factors are human physiology, they control his behavior and are divided into certain types. This physiological feature allows you to implement your plans through certain activities. If a person has clearly set tasks, then he is active, organized. External positive motivation makes a person work, go towards the goal and at the same time show assertiveness. If we consider external motivation, then it can predetermine a person’s position in society.

If an individual has motives that make him move forward, then there is a desire to change something in life, to achieve a positive result in this or that matter. Motive is the meaning of activity; it is one of the types of personality experiences. These experiences cause different emotions: positive, negative. The former arise when a person achieves the set goals, the latter – in case of failure. The formation of external motivation depends on the needs and requirements. A typical example: if a person is hungry, he has a goal – to buy food.

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

This physiological feature is subdivided into certain types. Intrinsic motivation can be called key. If it is, the activity is not associated with any external circumstances. The urge to act arises from your own thoughts and emotions. Extrinsic motivation arises when external circumstances push to action. If a person is not interested in the object of external motivation, he will act without desire (as people say, I don’t want to).

The inner nature is the satisfaction of moral needs. If a person has internal motives for action, and he achieves a certain result, this success is perceived as a reward. The individual focuses on getting to the goal as soon as possible, he tries to avoid any mistakes. Tasks are performed efficiently, but the person does not want to overexert himself and go against himself.

To strengthen the factors of intrinsic motivation, you need to enjoy the progress towards the goal. It is recommended to choose a job to your liking; work activity should bring moral satisfaction. Internal motives are often driven by an emotional state. If a person is not disturbed by anything in everyday life, he conscientiously does his job with ease. The peculiarity of the external motive lies in the fact that it has a goal – to receive moral or material reward. Extrinsic motivation is not as strong as intrinsic motivation.

In this case, the individual does not have the urge to perform this or that action. If there is no interest, then the quality of work is reduced. A person can often get distracted. It is desirable that the external and internal are in harmony with each other, thus, it will be easier to achieve success.

External motivation is changeable, it depends on the conditions in which the individual lives, as well as his life goals. The inner is more dependent on feelings. Thanks to the positive dynamics of thinking, a person quickly finds a way out of a confused situation.

Types of Motivation

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

There are different types of motivation. Resistant is backed by strong motives, it often depends on external circumstances. A person is firmly aware of the goal and confidently moves towards it, while he does not see obstacles on his way. The individual can be in a creative state.

Unstable takes place if there are no internal motives, but recharge from the outside constantly appears.

Positive involves the use of stimuli that affect the perception of the world. For example, a mother promises to buy her child a toy if he behaves well.

A negative one sometimes causes anxiety, panic. It may involve a monetary fine for failure to meet certain obligations.

Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of staff is needed in order for prosperity to reign in the team . The system is implemented by specialists with a psychological education. To establish a motivation system, you need to know the approach to an employee, it is important to take into account his personal qualities. The goal should be the driving force. If the employee has external incentives, he will do the job well. Bosses need to get their subordinates interested.

Incentive in The Team

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation

Material motivation is always positive. Employees are rewarded with bonuses if they do their job well. This method gives good results when applied to a specific group of people. A non-financial incentive does not imply a monetary reward, it can be applied to all employees. Incentive systems are always beneficial. If a person knows that he is not wasting his time in vain, then he is already in a positive mood. Awards, reward systems raise self-esteem , inspire self-confidence. Non-financial incentives are also the creation of good working conditions, loyalty to the administration, and flexible working hours.

If the motivational object is career advancement, a person realizes that he is not working in vain. It has a specific goal that encourages you to work better and add to the top. If positive incentive gradually improves welfare, moral satisfaction appears. Motivation also means work-life balance. Some people work hard and don’t have time for family and friends. If there is a strong craving for communication, and a busy work schedule does not allow getting out on vacation, a person’s emotional background is disturbed. Depression and discouragement affect performance.

You should not work for wear and tear, you need to set aside time for rest. Management must understand that force majeure may arise in the life of every employee. In order for staff to work well, incentives must be found. You can provide 1 paid day off per month, or implement a system in which the person goes home after completing a certain plan. For the elderly, you can shorten the working day.

A good motivation system would be to provide an opportunity to work from home (if the position involves). Personal growth is one of the best incentives. It is necessary to create conditions that will help employees improve their knowledge and move up the career ladder.

You may also like to read: What is the Difference Between Motivation and Stimulation?

More on Intangible Incentives

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

Intangible incentives have many benefits. They motivate the employee to do the job efficiently; these incentives have a positive effect on the general emotional background. They do not require costs from the employer, which is also a plus. Non-material incentive methods can be intelligently combined, even if there are no material ones.

It is recommended to reward employees for their work, not necessarily with money. The director can present certificates, diplomas, honorary titles, for example, “best employee of the year”. For a certain achievement that has supported the image of the organization, it is advisable to present a certificate. You can invite an employee to a seminar, appoint him as a lecturer, mentor for a beginner.

Motivation should not be understood as purely monetary reward. Any employee can be encouraged by intangible factors: from chief accountant to secretary. It is necessary to maintain a favorable psychological climate in the organization, so there will be no conflicts between employees. The staff should feel confident about the future. Each employee should be aware that he is part of a team that works for the benefit of himself and the organization.

You may also like to read: Motivation: The Main Types and Characteristics.

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