Today, primary school teachers are increasingly complaining that schoolchildren have a reduced or completely lack of Motivation For Study. Children do not want to learn, show indifference to knowledge, assessments, do not strive to learn new things. Following the teachers, such a negative attitude towards learning worries parents, especially those whose children are going to enter the first grade.
Adults understand that for successful learning, in addition to the ability to count and read, children must have a desire to learn. But how to instill such a desire in your child? Psychologists say that the child, first of all, must be formed educational motives. Therefore, it is not enough just to teach a preschooler practical skills and think that he is ready for school. We must not forget about motivational readiness and form it long before the child goes to first grade.
Science has long proven that the desire for new knowledge (motivation) is inherent in people genetically: even in ancient times, a person, discovering something new, felt joy, elation. Such a desire is also characteristic of small children, therefore, in the conditions of home education, it is quite simple to form motivation if you follow the recommendations of psychologists.
Why There Is A Lack Of Motivation For Study: 10 Mistakes Parents Make
Educators say that in kindergarten and school, a lot is done for children to develop their cognitive motives and educational motivation. Meanwhile, the parents themselves unknowingly make mistakes in the upbringing of their children, leading to the loss of their desire to learn. The most typical ones are:
- The erroneous opinion of adults that a child is ready to learn successfully if he has accumulated a large amount of knowledge and skills. Parents teach their child to read and write, encourage them to memorize long poems, learn foreign languages, and solve logical problems. Sometimes they forget that intellectual readiness does not replace psychological readiness, which includes learning motivation. Often, such intensive classes are at the expense of the main activity of young children – play, which leads to the appearance of a persistent aversion to learning in them.
- Another common mistake is the desire of parents to send their baby to school as early as possible , without taking into account the level of his psychological and physical readiness. They believe that if a preschooler knows a lot, then it’s time for him to learn. Meanwhile, psychologists remind that in addition to the developed intellect, the level of mental and physical maturation of the future student is equally important. An untrained child finds it more difficult to adapt to school, he gets tired quickly, fine motor skills are not sufficiently developed. All the difficulties that a young student has to overcome lead to an unwillingness to learn, the motivation for learning decreases.
- Psychologists consider it a gross mistake of family education to overestimate the requirements for a child without taking into account his age characteristics and individual capabilities, reproaches for laziness, and unwillingness to follow the instructions of adults. As a result, low self-esteem may form, which prevents the child from assessing himself correctly and building relationships with peers. Both unjustified praise and belittling of the student’s dignity are categorically unacceptable, since it negatively affects the development of educational motivation in younger students
- In a family where there is no clear organization of life for a small schoolchild , for example, the daily regimen is not observed, there is no physical activity, classes are chaotic, there are few walks in the fresh air; the student will also not have an educational Motivation For Study. At school, it is difficult for such a student to fulfill the requirements of the teacher, to obey school rules and norms of behavior.
- Psychologists believe that one of the unacceptable violations of family education is when there are no uniform requirements for the child from all adults in the family. If the requirements of one contradict the requirements of the other, the child will always find an opportunity to dodge homework, pretend to be sick in order to miss lessons, and unreasonably complain about the teacher and other students. This behavior does not give a full-fledged development of learning motivation.
- Incorrect behavior of adults towards a student, for example, comparing his achievements with the successes of other children, ridiculing failures at school (for example, a poor grade “poor student”, difficulties in writing “you write like a chicken with a paw”, slow reading “fall asleep while you read “), incorrect remarks in the presence of other guys (” these other guys are great, but you … “). Whereas only the sensitive attitude of adults to the student’s school problems and help in overcoming them will help develop motivation.
- The use of threats and physical punishment , if the child receives bad grades, does not have time to complete his homework, instead of figuring out the reasons, ask how the student studied today, what worked out, and what is worth working with.
- Unfavorable family relationships , discord between loved ones negatively affect the emotional state of the child. The younger schoolchild, who is in constant stress, cannot adequately relate to studies, receive good grades, and rejoice at his success. Parents should take care of the psychological climate in the family in order to influence the increase in motivation.
- School children who did not attend kindergarten do not master the ability to communicate with peers without conflict, have a low level of self-control, and lack of voluntary behavior. All this interferes with the development of educational Motivation For Study to the younger students.
- Parents projecting their unfulfilled hopes on the child. Often, adults who did not realize their interests in childhood shift them to children, regardless of the child’s opinion. For example, they want to see him as an excellent student, a talented musician, a class leader, and they pin great hopes on him. The student himself has his own interests, which are different from those of his parents; therefore, unjustified aspirations of adults do not at all motivate him to study. It is more useful to think about how to motivate the child to study based on his wishes and aspirations.
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Motivation For Study To The Students: Advice From A Psychologist
Most parents mistakenly believe that they are unable to motivate a student to study and that only teachers can do this. However, without the active help of the family, Motivation For Study activities does not always develop, even at school. Much faster and more efficiently the motivation of younger students will be formed by the joint efforts of teachers and parents. What methods and techniques should be used to develop learning motivation at home? Here’s what psychologists advise to motivate students to learn:
- Be an example to your child. It is often possible to notice that a younger student’s unwillingness to learn is manifested in an hostile attitude towards some academic subject. For example, some schoolchildren do not like to read, therefore they find it difficult to perceive reading lessons, others have difficulties in solving problems, etc. To overcome such situations, the example of parents will be useful. Do you want to instill a love for literature lessons? Read out loud more often, arrange family readings, literary quizzes, evenings of riddles, poetry contests with incentive prizes. Any interesting methods will play on the development of Motivation For Study.
- Create common interests. When parents are well aware of their child’s interests, it is much easier to learn new things together. For example, a junior schoolchild’s enthusiasm for animals will help form a love for natural history lessons, relying on the artistry of a first-grader, you can encourage him to read by roles, a love of drawing can manifest itself in an interest in sketching nature, drawing up geometric patterns, good logic will help to love mathematics. A lot depends on attentive parents who, knowing their child well, can easily influence such an important moment as Motivation For Study.
- Establish useful peer relationships. The family should always know who your child’s friend is. To benefit from the child’s communication with peers, you can choose a good environment for him, for example, in circles, sections, clubs of interest. In such an environment that meets the needs of a student, he will always strive to keep up with other children, either in school, or in sports, etc.
- Distribute the student’s life correctly. In their desire to optimally load the child with useful activities so that he does not sit idle, parents sometimes go beyond the possible. It must be understood that the correct daily routine is important for a younger student, when physical and intellectual stress alternates with rest, hobbies, games, walks. At the primary school age, when the formation of arbitrary actions is just underway, the child is not able to control time and actions himself. During this period, it is important to control adults, who will tell the student how to allocate their time, what lessons to do first, how to combine rest and activities.
- No comparisons! Nothing hinders a student in the development of Motivation For Study more than comparing him with other children. Loving parents accept the child with all his merits and demerits, realizing that all the defects of the child are the gaps in their upbringing. It is useful to learn how to evaluate a student’s homework, class work. To do this, it is advisable to contact the teacher more often, discussing the child’s successes or failures at school.
- Eureka (Greek heureka – I found)! Make your child a pioneer, create an emotional mood when learning new knowledge. It is good when the parent learns something new with the child, expresses joy, satisfaction from the original solution of any problem, the emergence of an idea, while it is necessary to emphasize the availability of knowledge to find solutions. For the student – the discoverer, learning is always a pleasure.
- Create a reward system for good performance. Correct encouragement is used to Motivation For Study to the students. It is useful to agree with the young student how his learning progress will be encouraged. There are families where material incentives are the norm. As practice shows, this works for the time being, as the child grows older, he begins to get good grades by any means. It is much more important when the reward becomes a continuation of the child’s emotional uplift. Communication with parents is always valuable for junior students, so family trips, travel, excursions, walks with interesting events (to the circus, theater, bowling, sports competitions) can be an encouragement. The choice of rewards depends on the interests of the child. Combine business with pleasure, the whole family will have fun!