Motivation For Students plays an important role in a Students’s life. Motivation is those incentives, techniques that induce a person to take certain actions.
Motivation and Learning
Motivation in the educational process is represented by a whole range of activities. The key concept in this direction is motive – this is a certain direction of the student’s educational activity , which is associated with his attitude to the subject.
Each university is aimed not at attracting as many students as possible and simply teaching them according to a single scheme, but also at making them interested, so that they themselves wish to learn new things, acquire new knowledge and skills. Scientists have long proven that doing an interesting job is much easier and easier than performing any tasks under duress. Therefore, each university has its own student motivation system.
What Are The Motives?
Motivation is a two-way process. It is not enough for a teacher to try to interest the student and not get a return from him. It is important that the student himself understands what they want from him and where this will all lead.
In a motivational educational complex, two main types of motives can be distinguished:
External Motives – Motivation For Students
This type is represented by the external influence on the student, by the conditions that are created for his involvement in the educational process: recommendations of teachers, instructions of parents, university rules. It can be as simple conversations, persuasion, wishes, and ultimatums, legislative acts or documented rules.
A striking example of an external motive is the teacher’s proposal to put machines on to those who will not have missed classes, who will participate in conferences and actively respond to seminars and workshops.
Internal Motives – Motivation For Students
This group of beliefs that urge a student to study well are embedded in his subconscious, brain, soul, that is, inside him. If we consider motives and motivation from this perspective, then it is important that the student likes and wants to study, to acquire new knowledge and skills. For this, it is enough to simply understand why he is studying, how the acquired knowledge will be useful to him in the future.
For example, a student likes a certain discipline, so he is ready to read literature on it day and night , delve into the subject, etc.
Internal and external motives can have different effects. Sometimes coercion and insistence on the part of the parents cause disgust for learning. At the same time, the onslaught of the teacher can force the student to study the subject. Recently, more and more attention is paid to external motives, although the awakening of internal motives is much more effective.
How Do Universities Do Motivation For Students To Learn?
Prestigious and successful universities have their own “motivational program” for students. As a rule, it is based on all kinds of awards and honors for successful students. Let’s consider the most popular ways to encourage students to acquire new knowledge and skills.
- Presentation of letters, gratitude and diplomas.
This method of motivation is encouraging and works for active and successful students who have taken part in various scientific events: olympiads, conferences, workshops, etc. Presentation of awards (even if it was far from the first place) makes the student’s participation in the event more important and significant, he understands that the administration of the university values his successes and achievements. This approach allows the student to be interested in achieving great success, setting a new personal record, etc.
- Awarding additional payments, scholarships and other material benefits.
With the development of market relations, people began to more often evaluate their attitude towards themselves in “ruble” terms. If a student won an important competition of a “Russian” or international scale, then he / she is entitled to an increased scholarship or an additional “monetary award”. This is also a kind of motivation that encourages a person to learn.
- Motivation from the teacher.
In the learning process, one of the leading roles is played by the teacher and his ability to interest students. The teacher must indicate what is “not allowed” and what is “allowed”, what the student must learn and why, how the acquired skills and knowledge will be useful to him in life, to show the value of learning.
The teacher can apply personal motivational measures: say that he is ready to put “automatic machines” on tests and exams , etc.
- The relationship between teacher and student.
Another option for motivation to study can be the relationship between the teacher and the student. If the student understands that he can get advice and help, discuss with the teacher questions about the subject , study, then he becomes more interested in the total study of the subject.
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- Respect for students.
Regardless of the student’s progress and behavior, his attitude to the discipline, the teacher, the university must respect him. Respect is shown, first of all, in relation to the student: appeal to him (on you / you), the absence of insults, rewards for academic success (praise), etc.
- Games in the classroom.
One of the most effective ways to draw students’ attention to a subject is through play. The teacher can conduct seminars in a playful way, dividing students into 2 teams, entrusting them with certain tasks, etc.
- The carrot and stick method.
This method actually operates now in the form of a “rating system” for assessing student performance. For activity in the classroom, participation in various events, students receive points. For a non-valid reason, an unsatisfactory answer, points may be “minus”. By the end of the semester, each student receives as many points as they deserve, i.e. earned.
The whip is “fines”, the carrot is bonuses for active participation in classes and conferences, Olympiads, attending all classes, etc.
- Personal example.
Often, young teachers entice students to study by their own example. For example, a graduate student can show that he went to conquer graduate school after the university administration offered him a job (with the condition of obtaining an academic degree, etc.).
Students also appreciate punctual, responsible teachers who timely check tests , give an opportunity to correct the situation, keep promises, etc.
- Formation of a positive attitude towards the profession and skills.
Sometimes you can draw the student’s attention to a certain discipline by emphasizing its importance and necessity in life. For example, an accountant will not be able to work without knowledge of the basics of accounting , accounting accounts and links, the procedure for drawing up and forming documents, etc.
- The presence of creative or thematic circles.
University staff must motivate students in various ways. It is important to consider the desires and abilities of the student. Thus, universities often organize additional sections: sports (basketball, volleyball, football, wrestling, etc.), creative (theatrical circle, vocals, playing musical instruments, dancing, etc.), etc. Such sections can not only reveal talents and the inclination of the student, but also to help him develop and become both a professional and a person.